New Delhi, India, 1946 Portrait of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Pres. of India’s Moslem League, dressed in Western-style suit, in the study of his palacial home.

karachi 14 august 1947

31 december 1947

Pictured during their important meeting w/the British Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, are these Indian leaders. (LTR) Sardar Baldev Singh; Acharya J.B. Kriplani, President of the Indian National Congress; Lord Melville; Pandit Nehru; Lord Ismay; Lord Mountbatten; Ali Jinnah; Liquat Ali Khan and Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar, (back to camera). The meeting took place at the Viceroy’s house. The partition of India into two separate governing states looms for the troubled land. — 12 Jun 1947, New Delhi, India —

Indian Leaders on arrival after an invitation by the British Government at Heathrow Airport in London. Left to right: Mohammed Ali Jinnah, President of the Indian Moslem League (with a cane); Sardar Baldev Singh (white turban), Defense Minister of the Government and Representative of the Sikhs, and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (extreame right), Vice President of the Indian Interim Government. — 06 Dec 1946, London, England, UK — 12/6/1946-London, England- —

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, leader Congress Party, meets with Mohammed Ali Jinnah, leader of the Muslim League, at Jinnah’s home. — 1946, Delhi, India

The Indian leaders Mohammed Jinnah, Liaquat Ali Kahn, Sardar Baldev Singh and Pandit Nehru, during a reception given by the Indian High Commissioner at India House. — December 1946, London, England, UK —

Lord Louis Mountbatten (1900-1979) (c) the Viceroy of India, and his wife (r) with other guests at a reception given for Muslim members of the Interim Government. — 1947, Delhi, India —

partetion days

Some more from 1940 Era

Karachi, Pakistan, 1947Pakistani members of the Sind Muslim Women’s National Guard practicing combat w. bamboo lathi sticks traditionally used by the Indian police.

Rawalpindi, West Punjab, Pakistan, 1947 Members of the newly formed Pakistani Security Guard standing at attention during parade review for Pakistan’s new leader Mohammed Ali Jinnah

Delhi, India, 1946Indian servants standing in the magnificent empty throne room of British Viceroy, Lord Archibald Wavell’s palace which will be more than figuratively vacant when the British soon withdraw & give India its independence.

India, 1947 Convoy of Sikhs migrating to East Punjab after the division of India

Delhi, India, 1946 Portrait of Abdul Ghani Khan, son of the so-called “Frontier Gandhi,” clad in his native dress, chatting w. India’s leading journalist Shiva Rao, at the Council House.

Lahore, Pakistan, 1947 Pakistani ******* gathered in front of the entrance to the great Badshahi Mosque.

New Delhi, India, 1948 Mourners climbing telephone pole to get view of funeral procession of assassinated Indian leader Mohandas K. Gandhi. Others have gathered atop an old Delhi shrine in the distance.

Delhi, India, 1946 Hindu leader Mohandas Gandhi (4R) walking w. (L-R) secretaries Shushila Pai & Raj Kumari, his son Manilal, his secy. Pyarelal, his son’s wife, his granddaughter Sita, his nephew’s wife Abha, & two unident. men, on his daily walk.

Family in convoy of Sikhs carrying their belongings on their heads as they migrate to East Punjab after the division of India.

Mulsim man carrying his hookah in one hand while balancing pole holding his 5-yr. old son in convoy to West Punjab

Family in convoy of Sikhs carrying their belongings on their heads as they migrate to East Punjab after the division of India

Pakistani students in freshman physics class at the Government College

First grade during class in village elementary school, nr. Lahore.

his is a train to Pakistan being given a warm send-off.


In 1947, the border between India and its new neighbour Pakistan became a river of blood, as the exodus erupted into rioting.

These pictures are by Margaret Bourke-White from Khushwant Singh’s book Train to Pakistan, Roli Books.



Over 10 million people were uprooted from their homeland and travelled on foot, bullock carts and trains to their promised new home.


An aged and abandoned Muslim couple and their grand children sitting by the the roadside on this arduous journey.

“The old man is dying of exhaustion. The caravan has gone on,” wrote Bourke-White.


In a couple of months in the summer of 1947, a million people were slaughtered on both sides in the religious rioting.  Here, bodies of the victims of rioting are picked up from a city street.


The massive exchange of population that took place in the summer of 1947 was unprecedented.

It left behind a trail of death and destruction. The Indian map was slashed to make way for a new country – Pakistan.


The street was short and narrow. Lying like the garbage across the street and in its open gutters were bodies of the dead


With the tragic legacy of an uncertain future, a young refugee sits on the walls of Purana Qila, transformed into a vast refugee camp in Delhi.


Men, women and children who died in the rioting were cremated on a mass scale.

Villagers even used oil and kerosene when wood was scarce.



Air India Flight Attendants, India, 1946 Air India flight attendant Monica Gilbert (C) showing flight report to Sikh passenger during trip fr. Dehli to Bombay.

Karachi, Pakistan, 1947 Teacher addressing Pakistani male students in freshman English class where the girls are seated behind purdah wall in order to perserve their modesty at the Sind Moslem College.

Rawalpindi, West Punjab, Pakistan, 1947 Tribesmen & Soldiers Of Pakistan Members of the newly-formed Pakistani Security Guard parade past troops of the regular Pakistani Army during review for Pakistan’s Ldr. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, who did not attend due to illness.

Delhi, India, 1946 Moslem worshippers kneeling while resting on their feet in the fourth prayer position in courtyard in front of Jami’ Masjid, the largest mosque in India, on the day of Id-ul-Fitr, the most sacred day of Ramadan.

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