Practical Tips For Improving Your English

70 ways to improve your English

70 ways to improve your English

Start your own English language blog.  Even for people who don’t have to write in English, writing can be a great way of properly learning the kind of vocabulary you need to describe your own life and interests, and of thinking about how to stop making grammar mistakes. The problem most people have is that they don’t know what to write about. One traditional way to make sure you write every day in English is to write an English diary (journal), and a more up to date way of doing this is to write a blog. Popular topics include your language learning experience, your experience studying abroad, your local area, your language, or translations of your local news into English.

Write a news diary.  Another daily writing task that can work for people who would be bored by writing about their own routines in a diary is to write about the news that you read and listen to everyday. If you include your predictions for how you think the story will develop (e.g. “I think Hillary will become president”), this can give you a good reason to read old entries another time, at which time you can also correct and mistakes you have made and generally improve what you have written.

Sign up for a regular English tip.  Some websites offer a weekly or even daily short English lesson sent to your email account. If your mobile phone has an e-mail address, it is also possible to have the tips sent to your phone to read on the way to work or school. Please note, however, that such services are not usually graded very well to the levels of different students, and they should be used as a little added extra or revision in your English studies rather than as a replacement for something you or your teacher have chosen more carefully as what you need to learn.

Listen to MP3s.  Although buying music on the internet is becoming more popular in many countries, not so many people know that you can download speech radio such as audio books (an actor reading out a novel) and speech radio. Not only is this better practice for your English than listening to English music, from sources like Scientific American, BBC and Australia’s ABC Radio it is also free.

Listen to English music.  Even listening to music while doing something else can help a little for things like getting used to the natural rhythm and tone of English speech, although the more time and attention you give to a song the more you will learn from listening to it again in the future.

Read the lyrics to a song.  Although just listening to a song in English can be a good way of really learning the words of the chorus in an easily memorable way, if you want to really get something out of listening to English music you will need to take some time to read the lyrics of the song with a dictionary. If the lyrics are not given in the CD booklet, you may be able to find them on the internet, but please note that some lyrics sites deliberately put a few errors into their lyrics for copyright reasons. Once you have read and understood the lyrics,  if you then listen and read at the same time, this can be a good way of understanding how sounds change in fast, natural, informal speech.

Sing karaoke in English.  The next stage after understanding and memorizing a song is obviously to sing it. Although some words have their pronunciation changed completely to fit in with a song, most of the words have the same sounds and stressed syllables as in normal speech. Remembering which words rhyme at the end of each line can also be a good way of starting to learn English pronunciation.

Write a film, music, hotel or book review.  Another motivating and easy way to make yourself write in English is to write a review for a site such as Amazon or Internet Movie Database. Many non-native speakers write reviews on sites like this, and if you have some special understanding of the book, music or film due to your first language or knowing the artist personally, that would be very interesting for the English speakers who read and write reviews on the site.

Only search in English.  Switching your search engine to the English language version of msn, yahoo, Google etc. can not only be a good way of practicing fast reading for specific information in English, but could also give you a wider choice of sites to choose from and give you an idea of what foreigners are writing about your country and area.

Read a book you’ve already read or seen the movie of in your own language.  Although most language learners under Advanced level would probably learn more from reading a graded reader or something from the internet than they would from reading an original book written for English speakers, for some people reading something like Harry Potter in the original can be a great motivator to improve their English. To make this easier for you and make sure that it motivates you rather than just making your tired, try reading a book that you already know the story of. This not only makes it easier to understand and guess vocabulary, but you are also more likely to remember the language in it. If you have not read the book before, reading a plot summary from the internet can also help in the same way.

Read a translation into English.  Another way of making sure books are easier to understand is to choose a book that was originally translated into English, preferably from your own language. Even if you haven’t read the book in your own language, you will find the English is written in a slightly simplified way that is more similar to how your own language is written than a book originally written in English would be.

Skip the first ten pages.  If you have given up with a book in English or are reading it very slowly, try skimming through the first ten pages or skipping them completely. The start of most books tend to be mainly description and are therefore full of difficult vocabulary and don’t have a clear story line yet to help you understand what is happening and to motivate you to turn the next page. If the book is still too difficult even after the introductionary part is finished, it is probably time to give that book up for now and try it again after you have read some easier things.

Read a book with lots of dialogue. Opening up books before you buy one and flicking through them to find one with lots of direct dialogue in it has several advantages. If there is less text on the page due to all the speech marks etc, this can make it easier to read and easier to write translations on. Dialogue is also much easier to understand than descriptive parts of a book, and is much more like the language you will want to learn in order to be able to speak English.

Read English language comics.  Even more than books with lots of dialogue, comics can be easy to understand and full of idiomatic language as it is actually spoken. There can be difficulties with slang, difficult to understand jokes and/ or dialogue written how people speak rather than with normal spellings, so try to choose which comic carefully. Usually, serious or adventure comics are easier to understand than funny ones.

Read English language entertainment guides.  Nowadays most big cities in the world have an English language magazine and/ or online guide to the movies, plays, exhibitions that are on in the city that week. Reading this in English is not only good value, but it could also guide you to places that English speakers are interested in and where you might hear some English spoken around you.

Read English language magazines.  Like books, if you can read two versions of the same magazine (Newsweek in your language and in English, for example), that could make understanding it much easier.

Take a one week intensive course.  Although you cannot expect to come out of a very short course speaking much better English than when you started it, if you continue studying a little over the following weeks and months, the knowledge you gained then will gradually come out and mean that your level of speaking, listening etc. are better than they would have been if you hadn’t taken that course. This positive effect can still be true up to a year later.

Follow your intensive course up with an extensive course.  The more time you can spend studying English the better, but studying periodic intensive courses with a few hours of study a week in between is probably better value for money than any other system as it gives your brain time to subconsciously learn and start using the new language you have learnt before you introduce the next new “chunk” of language.

Supplement your group class with a one to one class.  Another good way to combine two different kinds of classes is to study both in a group class and one to one. Having a one to one teacher, even if just a couple of times a month, will mean that you can be taught exactly the language that you need, that you will have more time to speak, and that you can have as much error correction as you like.

Supplement your one to one class with a group class.  The benefits of having a group class are often less clear to students, but they include the fact that you will learn to deal with several people speaking at once, have a chance to practice skills such as interrupting people, and will hear a range of different viewpoints and topics.

Teach your children or friends some English.  Recent research has shown that elder children tend to be a couple of IQ points above their younger siblings, and the most likely reason is that explaining things to their little brothers and sisters gives them an intellectual boost. In the same way, teaching someone lower level than you the English you already know is a great way of permanently fixing that knowledge in your own brain.

Ask your company to start English lessons.  Even if you don’t need to speak English at work, English lessons can be a fun and reasonably priced way for your company to spend their training budget in a popular way.

Have English radio on in the background while you are doing your housework.  Even if you are not listening carefully, it will help you get a feel for natural English rhythm and intonation.

Play English language learning games on your Nintendo DS.  Although such games can have quite random language and are unlikely to improve your ability to speak English on their own, the next time you hear or read the same language elsewhere it will be really fixed in your brain by the fact you have played a game with it in already. It is also a nice way of taking a break from your other English studies while also doing some English. To make sure it really is a break and to avoid wasting time learning language from the game that is not much used in daily life, don’t bother writing down any new language you see in the game, but just try to learn it from playing the game again.

Say or think what you are doing in English as you do your daily tasks.  As you are doing your chores, try creating sentences describing what you are doing, e.g. ‘I am unscrewing the ketchup bottle cap’. This gets you used to thinking in English without translating, and can be a good way of seeing what simple vocabulary that is around you everyday you don’t know. yet

Watch English language films with English subtitles.  For people who can’t understand a film without subtitles but find themselves not listening at all when reading subtitles in their own language, this should be the way of watching a film that you should aim for. If it is too difficult to watch the whole film this way, try watching the (usually important) first 10 or 15 minutes of the film with subtitles in your own language, switch to English subtitles after that, and only switch back to subtitles in your own language if you get totally lost following the story of the film.

Watch films in your language with English subtitles.  If you are finding English films with English subtitles too difficult or you can’t find English films with English subtitles in your local video shop, this is a good second best option. Looking for local films with English subtitles can also sometimes be a good sign of quality, as it means the producers of the film are expecting it to be popular internationally as well.

Watch English films with subtitles in your language.  Again, this is not as good practice as English language films with English subtitles, but is more relaxing, can be easier to find suitable DVDs for, and is also possible with VHS.

Watch the same film or TV episode over and over again.  This can not only save you money on DVDs, but will mean that you can really learn the language without having to study it. Some comedies can also get funnier the more you watch them, especially if you watch them with no subtitles and so understand a little more each time you watch it.

Be realistic about your level.  One thing that holds many language learners back is actually trying too hard and tackling something that their brain is not ready for yet. Checking your level with a level check test on the internet, by taking an English language test (FCE, CAE, IELTS, TOEIC, TOEFL etc.), or by taking a free trial level check and/ or lesson in a language school will help you find out what your level is and so choose suitable self-study materials.

Be realistic about your reading level.  Most researchers agree that people learn most when reading something they understand almost all of. If there are one or two words per page that you have never seen before, that is about the right level. If there are three or more on every page, you should switch to something easier and come back later.

Read graded readers (= easy readers).  These are books that are especially written for language learners like you, e.g. Penguin Readers. Although it can be difficult to find something as interesting as things written in newspapers or on the internet, in terms of learning the language only people who need to read for their work or an exam usually gain more from reading things written for graded readers. Graded readers of classic books like Charles Dickens also have the benefit of giving you a lot of knowledge about the literature, and culture more generally, of English speaking countries in a short time.

Read the whole thing with no help.  Although using a dictionary has been shown to help with both short term and long term learning of vocabulary, the fact that using it slows reading down can stop some people reading in English at all. Reading a whole book quickly through just for pleasure from time to time will help you remember how fun reading in another language can be.

Read and learn everything.  At the opposite extreme, it can be hard work but very satisfying to get to the end of a book knowing that you have learnt every word in it. See other tips on this page to make sure it is a book that is easy enough to do this with and to ensure that the vocabulary you learn is useful.

Watching English children’s films or TV programmes.  Although some of the vocabulary you can learn from things made for children can be a bit strange (lots of animal names and maybe animal noises, including baby names for things), the fact that not only the language but the structure of the story is simplified can make it an easy and motivating thing to watch. Like good language learning materials, the same language is also often repeated to make it memorable, and the use of catchy songs etc. can increase this positive effect on your memory.

Read English children’s books.  This is very similar to watching English children’s movies, but with the added advantage of there being more illustrations than adult books, which both helps you to understand the story and makes the page brighter and more motivating to read.

Keep a list of language to learn, e.g. a vocab list.  Even if you don’t often find time to go though your vocab list and it keeps on building up, just the act of choosing which words you need to learn and writing them down on a special list can help you learn them.

Go through your vocab list several times every day.  If a ticking off word on a vocabulary list on the train to work is inconvenient or embarrassing for you, you can keep your list of words to learn as an entry in your electronic dictionary, as a mobile phone to do list or as a text file in your MP3 player (e.g. iPod). Although the time spent transferring the information between different formats like these may seem wasted, in fact any time you spend using the vocabulary like this will help you learn it.

Convert your vocab list to English only.  One way to stop yourself translating and therefore increase your speed of comprehension and production is to learn all your vocabulary without the use of your own first language. Ways you can write a vocab list in only English include with synonyms (words with the same meaning, e.g. “tall” and “high”); with opposites (“high” and “low”); with pronunciation factors such as number of syllables (the number of beats, e.g. three for “de- ci- sion”) and the word stress (the syllable that is pronounced louder and longer, e.g. the second syllable in “baNAna”); and gapped sentences (e.g. “I am not _________________ in science fiction” for the word “interested”).

Cross out and delete.  Crossing out or deleting words, sentences or whole pages that you have learnt can be a great motivator, and save your list of things to learn becoming too big to handle.

Throw everything away and start again.  One of the things that can put most people off learning is a stack of half finished books or a huge list vocabulary waiting to be learnt. Simply getting rid of all that and starting again with something new from zero can be a great motivator and get your studies underway again.

Label things in your house or office with post-its.  The easiest vocabulary to learn is the vocabulary of things you see and use everyday. If you can write the names of things around you on slips of paper and stick them on the real thing, this is a great way of learning useful vocabulary. If you can leave them there over the following days and weeks, this is a very easy way of revising the vocabulary until it is properly learnt.

Label a drawing.  For people who can’t put labels on real things, the next best option is to take a photo of a real place in your life like your office, print it out, and then draw lines to all of the things you can see in the picture and label them in English with the help of a dictionary. You can do the same thing with places you pass through everyday like the station. Because you will see the same thing again and again, it should be easy to really learn the words for those things.

Keep a diary in English.  This is a popular method of making sure you use English everyday for people who don’t often speak English and can’t think of things to write about. The fact that you are writing about real things that have happened to you means that any words you look up in the dictionary will be vocabulary that is useful for you and easy to learn.

Online Chat.  The closest thing to speaking for people who don’t have the chance to speak English is online chat, as you have to think and respond quickly, and the language is short and informal just like speech.

Listen to the radio news in English.  You can make this easier by reading the news in English first, or even just by reading or listening to the news in your own language.

Read an English language newspaper.  Freebie newspapers like “Metro” in London are usually the easiest to understand, followed by mid-brow titles like “The Daily Express” or “The Daily Mail” in English. Popular newspapers like “The Sun” are more difficult because of the idiomatic, slangy use of language and the number of jokes in the headlines and articles.

Write fiction in English, e.g. short stories.  For people who find writing a diary about things that happen to them everyday boring, the best thing is to let your imagination go and write about whatever comes into your head. The advantage of this is that if you can’t think of how to say something in English, you can just change the story to something that is easier to explain. Perhaps the easiest way to start writing fiction in English is with a diary, changing any details you like to make it more interesting and adding more and more fantasy as the weeks goes on.

English language exercise videos. This is quite similar to how babies learn, by listening, watching and copying. It is also good for your health!

Learn a famous speech or poem in English by heart.  Although you may never hear or get the chance to say exactly that line, having one memorable example of English grammatical form in your head can make it much easier to learn other examples of the same grammar as you hear them. It is also something you can practice over and over without being as boring as grammatical drills.

Get tipsy (= a little drunk) before speaking English.  This can not only improve your fluency while you are drinking, but can also improve your confidence in future days and weeks by showing you that you can communicate what you want to say.

Use a dictionary while you are watching a movie.  Films often have the same words many times, so if you look up important words the first or second time you hear them; you should have learnt them by the end of the film. It is easier to use a dictionary if you watch with English subtitles.

Learn and use the phonemic script.  Although there are many sounds in English, there are even more spellings. By learning the phonemic script and writing vocabulary down with it, you can both add another stage to your vocabulary learning that should help you learn it more thoroughly, and improve your pronunciation. It can also make things easier for you by stopping you trying to pronounce different spellings of the same pronunciation different ways.

Learn some spelling rules.  Many people think that English spelling is random, but in fact most words follow some kind of rule, e.g. the “magic E” that changes the pronunciation of “mad” and “made”.

Record your own voice.  For people who don’t have much or any correction of pronunciation from a teacher, recording yourself and listening back makes it easier to hear whether you are really making the English sounds that you are trying to or not.

Use computer pronunciation analysis.  Although most programmes that claim to tell you when you are pronouncing correctly or not don’t actually do that, listening many times and seeing how your voice changes as you try to match the sounds and waveform given by a pronunciation CD ROM can be good practice and more motivating than just recording your own voice.

Learn as many words as you can of one category, e.g. animal words.  Learning similar words together can both expand your overall vocabulary and make them easier to learn by forming links between the words in your brain.

Take holidays abroad.  This is not only a good opportunity to speak English in situations where you really have to make yourself understood in order to live, but it is also a good motivator to study English seriously in the weeks and months before your trip. If possible, also try to use English even when you could use your own language, e.g. when you pick a guided tour of a museum or historic place or when you book a flight on the internet, and try to avoid package tours.

Draw pictures of the words you want to learn.  Especially if you are artistic, this can be a better way of learning vocabulary than writing translations or example sentences.

Find a foreign boyfriend or girlfriend.  No tips on how to do this here, but everyone agrees that getting or even just looking for a date in English can be a great motivator to improve your language skills.

Arrange a conversation exchange.  Swapping lessons and conversation with someone who wants to learn your language can be a good alternative for those who aren’t looking for romance, or can sometimes lead onto dating for those who are!

Sign up for an English language exam.  Even if you don’t need to take an exam and don’t want to or can’t take a special course to study for it, paying to take an exam like TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS or FCE can really motivate you take your English studies seriously.

Model your accent on one particular actor.  e.g. try to speak like Robert De Niro. Students who say they want to sound more like a native speaker have the problem that native speakers don’t sound all that much like each other. Choosing one model can make the task of improving your pronunciation more clear, and is quite fun. Doing an impression of that person also makes a good party trick.

Use an English-English dictionary. Trying to use a bilingual dictionary less and switching to a monolingual one can help you to stop translating in you head when you are speaking or listening, and other useful English vocabulary can come up while you are using the dictionary.

Occasionally talk to or e-mail your friends in English.  Many people find this a bit false or embarrassing, but if you think of it as a study club and set a particular time and/ or place, it is no different from studying math’s together.

Go to an English or Irish pub.  As well as having a menu in English and being a good way of finding out something about the culture of English speaking countries, you might also find there are free English language listings magazines, English language sports on the TV and/ or foreign people you can speak to.

Buy a speaking electronic dictionary.  Although most electronic dictionaries are not as good as paper ones for the amount of information they give you about each word, some of them have the very useful function of saying the word with the correct pronunciation.

Learn your electronic dictionary vocabulary list.  Most electronic dictionaries also have a button which you can push to see the last 30 or more words you looked up. By deleting words you decide are useless or you have already learnt from this list, you can use it as a “to do list” of words to learn that you can look at several times a day in the train etc.

Switch operating system to English.  Changing the operating language of your mobile phone, video recorder etc. to English can be an easy way of making sure you use the language everyday.

Set goals.  Deciding how many hours you want to study, how many words you want to learn or what score you want to get in a test are all good ways of making sure you do extra study.


Permissible Acts While Fasting

Permissible Acts While Fasting

Cleaning the teeth with the siwak (tooth-stick) or its modern substitute, the toothbrush, is allowed, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to use the siwak often while fasting. It is better to avoid the use of toothpaste during fasting hours.

Donating blood or unintentional vomiting does not break the fast.
Collected by al-Bukhari (Sahih Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol.3, pp. 64-5, no. 115).

Kissing one’s wife while fasting does not break the fast, as long as moderation is observed.
Collected by al-Bukhari (Sahih Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol.3, pp. 69-70, no. 125)

Taking medicine by way of injection, nasal sprays or eye drops does not break the fast, as they are not a form of eating.
Collected by Muslim (Sahih Muslim (English Trans.), vol.2, p.554, no. 2565)

Eating or drinking accidentally or out of forgetfulness does not break the fast.
Collected by Muslim (Sahih Muslim (English Trans.), vol.2, p.559, no. 2566

Bathing, swimming, or sitting in water to cool off while fasting is permissible.
Collected by al-Bukhari (Sahih Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol.3, p.69, no.124) and Muslim (Sahih Muslim (English Trans.), vol.2, p.524-5, no.2363)

For someone to rinse out the mouth or to taste food or drink which is being prepared, spitting it all back out without swallowing any of the food or drink, is also permissible.
[7] Collected by al-Bukhari (Sahih Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol. 1, p. 17, no. 7) and Muslim (Sahih Muslim (English Trans.), vol. 1, pp.9-10, no. 18)

Swallowing one’s saliva does not break the fast.
Collected by al-Bukhari (Sahih Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol. 3, pp. 64-65, no. 115)

Are you Ready for Ramadan?

Before embarking on a journey, most travellers will prepare for it either physically or mentally. Since Ramadan is just around the corner, here is a quick checklist to better prepare ourselves for this journey of test…..Let’s start from head to toe:-

1. Head (Brain)
Are our minds clear on what are we expected or required to do and why?

a. YES. (it’s the third pillar of ISLAM and to seek ALLAH’s mercy and love).
b. NO.. (check again..!! This is not a joke!).

2. Eyes
Are we ready to even lower our gazes further?..

a. YES.. (Hopefully, our eyes will be “shut” to anything “haram” even more than our normal days)…
b. NO… (please get hold of a blindfold!)..

3. Ears
Are we ready not to listen to anything but only good such AL QURAN recital, religious speeches etc.?

a. YES.. (All radio and television programmes are tuned to ISLAMIC channels).
b. NO… (Earplug anybody?).

4. Mouth
Are we going to blabber unnecessarily?

a. YES.. (Silence is golden applied here).
b. NO… (Allhumdulilah, only Quranic verses will come out from the mouth this Ramadan!..SURE?..TRY no harm trying, Insha’Allah).

5. Heart
Are we doing it for the sake of ALLAH SWT alone or are we doing it to loose weight?..

a. YES… (Only ALLAH will know our true “niat” (our intentions) and feeling).
b. NO…. (Throw that weighing scale, diet manual, exercise machine…clean your heart and focus)..

6. Hands
Are we going to give alms, zakat and be helpful (lending a hand)..?

a. YES.. (Allhumdulilah, make sure what the right hand gives the left hand does not know).
b) NO… (Cut your hand..(KIDDING)..ISLAM is not cruel! Just do not do any harm to others with your hands).

7. Private Part (Sex)
Lets keep this very private..however for those who are married please exercise restrain? Those who are not married …DON’T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT (period!)..

a. YES.. (Allhumdulilah fasting is not only avoiding eating or drinking but to curb our other lusts too).
b. NO… (I do not know what to say….will chastity belts for both men and women do?)..

8. Legs
Are we going an extra mile to make sure our legs are going to ferry us to and fro the mosque?

a. YES.. (Every step to the mosque is a blessing for us).
b. NO… (get ready the chain..?).

Now if your answers are all YES (except for question 4) then you are ready to embark on this “tough” 30 days journey…..If not please go to your nearest convenient store and do a restocking fast!!

I wish all Muslims the best of IMAN and happy travelling. Rasulullah saw ever mentioned that there are some who fast but gain nothing, only hunger and thirst..we do not want to
be in these category.

ramadan karim mobarak

Elections 2013 Results And Party Position In National Assembly

Following are the general election results 2013 for Pakistan National Assembly  held on (today) 11th may 2013. See which party got the most seats and win from which cities or villages. Complete score card of Election Results 2013 for Pakistan National Assembly (NA).

Khyber Pukhtunkhwa KPK  (Total Seats 35)

Name of City & Constituencies Winner Party
Winner Candidates
NA-1 Peshawar-I  PTI  Imran Khan  90434
NA-2 Peshawar-II  PTI  Hamid Ul Haq  78948
NA-3 Peshawar-III   PTI  Sajid Nawaz  67214
NA-4 Peshawar-IV  Awaited
NA-5 Nowshera-I  PTI  Pervez Khattak  69873
NA-6 Nowshera-II  PTI  Siraj Muhammad Khan  54140
NA-7 Charsadda-I  JUI (F)  Muhammad Gohar Shah  53492
NA-8 Charsadda-II Qaumi Watan Party (Sherpao)  Aftab Ahmad Khan Sherpao 37005
NA-9 Mardan-1  ANP  Amir Haider Khan  44701
NA-10 Mardan-II  PTI  Ali Muhammad Khna  46236
NA-11 Mardan-III  Awaited
NA-12 Swabi-I  Awami Jamhuri Ittehad Pakistan  Usman Khan Tarrakai  56148
NA-13 Swabi-II  Awaited
NA-14 Kohat  Awaited
NA-15 Karak  Awaited
NA-16 Hangu  PTI  Khial Zaman  23909
NA-17 Abbottabad-I  PTI  Dr Azhar Khan Jadoon  96185
NA-18 Abbottabad-II  Awaited
NA-19 Haripur  PTI  Raja Aamer Zaman  116579
NA-20 Mansehra-I  Awaited
NA-21 Mansehra-II  PML (N)  Capt R Muhammad Safdar  90408
NA-22 Battagram  JUI (F)  Qari Mohammad yousif  18075
NA-23 Kohistan  Independent  Sarzameen  16766
NA-24 D.I.Khan  JUI (F)  Molana Fazal Ur Rehman  91834
NA-25 D.I.Khan-cum-Tank  Awaited
NA-26 Bannu  Awaited
NA-27 Lakki Marwat  Awaited
NA-28 Bunair  JI  Sher Akbar Khan  28264
NA-29 Swat-I   PTI  MURAD SAEED  88291
NA-30 Swat-II  Awaited
NA-31 Shanglapar  PML (N)  IBADULLAH  29728
NA-32 Chitral  All PML  Iftikhar ud Din  29772
NA-33 Upper Dir-cum-Lower Dir                     JI  Sahibzada Tariq Ullah  41573
NA-34 Lower Dir  JI  Shahib Zada Muhammad Yaqub  46968
NA-35 Malakand

Fata (Total Seats 14)

NA-36 Tribal Area-I
NA-37 Tribal Area-II
NA-38 Tribal Area-III
NA-39 Tribal Area-IV
NA-40 Tribal Area-V
NA-41 Tribal Area-VI
NA-42 Tribal Area-VII
NA-43 Tribal Area-VIII
NA-44 Tribal Area-IX
NA-45 Tribal Area-X
NA-46 Tribal Area-XI
NA-47 Tribal Area-XII

Federal   (Total Seats  02)

NA-48 Islamabad-I
NA-49 Islamabad-II

Punjab  (Total Seats  145)

NA-50 Rawalpindi-I
NA-51 Rawalpindi-II
NA-52 Rawalpindi-III
NA-53 Rawalpindi-IV
NA-54 Rawalpindi-V
NA-55 Rawalpindi-VI
NA-56 Rawalpindi-VII
NA-57 Attock-I
NA-58 Attock-II
NA-59 Attock-III
NA 60 Chakwal I
NA-61 Chakwal-II
NA-62 Jhelum-I
NA-63 Jhelum-II
NA-64 Sargodha-I
NA-65 Sargodha-II
NA-66 Sargodha-III
NA-67 Sargodha-IV
NA-68 Sargodha-V
NA-69 Khushab-I
NA-70 Khushab-II
NA-71 Mianwali-I
NA-72 Mianwali-II
NA-73 Bhakkar-I
NA-74 Bhakkar-II
NA-75 Faisalabad-I
NA-76 Faisalabad-II
NA-77 Faisalabad-III
NA-78 Faisalabad-IV
NA-79 Faisalabad-V
NA-80 Faisalabad-VI
NA-81 Faisalabad-VII
NA-82 Faisalabad-VIII
NA-83 Faisalabad-IX
NA-84 Faisalabad-X
NA-85 Faisalabad-XI
NA-86 Chiniot (Jhang-I)
NA-87 Jhang-II
NA-88 Jhang-III
NA-89 Jhang-IV
NA-90 Jhang-V
NA-91 Jhang-VI
NA-92 T.T.Singh-I
NA-93 T.T.Singh-II
NA-94 T.T.Singh-III
NA-95 Gujranwala-I
NA-96 Gujranwala-II
NA-97 Gujranwala-III
NA-98 Gujranwala-IV
NA-99 Gujranwala-V
NA-100 Gujranwala-VI
NA-101 Gujranwala-VII
NA-102 Hafizabad-I
NA-103 Hafizabad-II
NA-104 Gujrat-I
NA-105 Gujrat-II
NA-106 Gujrat-III
NA-107 Gujrat-IV
NA-108 M.B.Din-I
NA-109 M.B.Din-II
NA-110 Sialkot-I
NA-111 Sialkot-II
NA-112 Sialkot-III
NA-113 Sialkot-IV
NA-114 Sialkot-V
NA-115 Narowal-I
NA-116 Narowal-II
NA-117 Narowal-III
NA-118 Lahore-I
NA-119 Lahore-II
NA-120 Lahore-III
NA-121 Lahore-IV
NA-122 Lahore-V
NA-123 Lahore-VI
NA-124 Lahore-VII
NA-125 Lahore-VIII
NA-126 Lahore-IX
NA-127 Lahore-X
NA-128 Lahore-XI
NA-129 Lahore-XII
NA-130 Lahore-XIII
NA-131 Sheikhupura-I
NA-132 Sheikhupura- cum- Nankana
NA-133 Sheikhupura-II
NA-134 Sheikhupura- cum-Nankana Sahib-II
NA-135 Nankana Sahib-I
NA-136 Nankana Sahib-cum- Sheikhupura
NA-137 Nankana Sahib-II
NA-138 Kasur-I
NA-139 Kasur-II
NA-140 Kasur-III
NA-141 Kasur-IV
NA-142 Kasur-V
NA-143 Okara-I
NA-144 Okara-II
NA-145 Okara-III
NA-146 Okara—IV
NA-147 Okara-V
NA-148 Multan 1
NA-149 Multan II
NA-150 Multan-III
NA-151 Multan-IV
NA-152 Multan-V
NA-153 Multan-VI
NA-154 Lodhran-I
NA-155 Lodhran-II
NA-156 Khanewal-I
NA-157 Khanewal-II
NA-158 Khanewal-III
NA-159 Khanewal-IV
NA-160 Sahiwal-I
NA-161 Sahiwal-II
NA-162 Sahiwal-III
NA-163 Sahiwal-IV
NA-164 Pakpattan-I
NA-165 Pakpattan-II
NA-166 Pakpattan-III
NA-167 Vehari-I
NA-169 Vehari-III
NA-170 Vehari-IV
NA-171 D.G.Khan-I
NA-172 D.G.Khan-II
NA-173 D.G.Khan-III
NA-174 Rajanpur-I
NA-175 Rajanpur-II
NA-176 Muzaffargarh-I
NA-177 Muzaffargarh-II
NA-178 Muzaffargarh-III
NA-179 Muzaffargarh-IV
NA-180 Muzaffargarh-V
NA-181 Layyah-I
NA-182 Layyah-II
NA-183 Bahawalpur-I
NA-184 Bahawalpur-II
NA-185 Bahawalpur-III
NA-186 Bahawalpur-IV
NA-187 Bahawalpur-V
NA-188 Bahawalnagar-I
NA-189 Bahawalnagar-II
NA-190 Bahawalnagar-III
NA-191 Bahawalnagar-IV
NA-192 R.Y.Khan-I
NA-193 R.Y.Khan-II
NA-194 R.Y.Khan-III
NA-196 R.Y.Khan-V
NA-197 R.Y.Khan-VI

Sindh (Total Seats 61)

NA-198 Sukkur-I
NA-199 Sukkur-II
NA-200 Ghotki-I
NA-201 Ghotki-II
NA-202 Shikarpur-I
NA-203 Shikarpur-II
NA-204 Larkana-I
NA-205 Larkana-II
NA-206 Larkana-III
NA-207 Larkana-IV
NA-208 Jacobabad-I
NA-209 Jacobabad-II
NA-210 Jacobabad-III
NA-211 Naushero Feroze-I
NA-212 Naushero Feroze-II
NA-213 Nawabshah-I
NA-214 Nawabshah-II
NA-215 Khairpur-I
NA-216 Khairpur-II
NA-217 Khairpur-III
NA-218 Hyderabad-I
NA-219 Hyderabad-II
NA-220 Hyderabad-III
NA-221 Hyderabad-IV
NA-222 Hyderabad-V
NA-223 Hyderabad-VI
NA-224 Badin-I
NA-225 Badin-II
NA-226 Mirpurkhas-I
NA-227 Mirpurkhas-II
NA-228 Mirpurkhas-III
NA-229 Tharparkar-I
NA-230 Tharparkar-II
NA-231 Dadu-I
NA-232 Dadu-II
NA-233 Dadu-III
NA-234 Sanghar-I
NA-235 Sanghar-II
NA-236 Sanghar-III
NA-237 Thatta-I
NA-238 Thatta-II
NA-239 Karachi-I
NA-240 Karachi-II
NA-241 Karachi-III
NA-242 Karachi-IV
NA-243 Karachi-V
NA-244 Karachi-VI
NA-245 Karachi-VII
NA-246 Karachi-VIII
NA-247 Karachi-IX
NA-248 Karachi-X
NA-249 Karachi-XI
NA-250 Karachi-XII
NA-251 Karachi-XIII
NA-252 Karachi-XIV
NA-253 Karachi-XV
NA-254 Karachi-XVI
NA-255 Karachi-XVII
NA-256 Karachi-XVIII
NA-257 Karachi-XIX
NA-258 Karachi-XX

Baluchistan  (Total Seats 15)

NA-259 Quetta
NA-260 Quetta-cum-Chagai-cum-Mastung
NA-261 Pishin-cum-Ziarat
NA-262 Killa Abdullah
NA-263 Loralai
NA-264 Zhob-cum-Killa-Sherani Saifullah
NA-265 Sibi-cum-Kolhu-cum-Dera Bugti
NA-266 Nasirabad
NA-267 Kachhi
NA-268 Kalat-cum-Mastung Haidri
NA-269 Khuzdar
NA-270 Awaran-cum-Lasbella
NA-271 Kharan-cum-Panjgur
NA-272 Kech-cum-Gwadar
NA-273 Kachhi

Reserved seats for women (59)

Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (8)
Fata (0)
Federal (0)
Punjab (34)
Sindh (14)
Balochistan (3)
Reserved seats for non-muslim (10)

10 reasons why PTI has my vote

I have never voted for anything in my life, yet on May 11, 2013, I will cast my vote for the first time in the upcoming general elections of Pakistan and that too for Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) political party.

In my home city of Karachi, conversations with Pakistani citizens from all walks of life, such as rickshaw and taxi drivers, store vendors, bakers, mechanics, teachers, doctors, artists, and bankers, all reveal a genuine fervour for voting for PTI.

Most of these people have even talked about plans of rounding up friends and family members on Election Day, so that they can make a festive event out of voting.

Even the ‘burger bachaas’ I know have sworn to take time out of their extremely taxing and ‘baked’ sessions of World of War Craft, to vote for PTI. As one acquaintance expressed through his ‘tutti frutti’ language skills,

“I am ready to chalo chalo with Imran, yo!”

It is true that some have been left shaken by the recent bombings at the political hotspots in the city, but it seems that for many, the acts of terrorism have actually strengthened the resolve to vote for change.

Here are 10 reasons why you should vote for PTI:

1. A chance to break a vicious pattern:

With political dynasties and military dictators taking turns at playing ‘pin the tail on the donkey’ with Pakistan, it seems that many Pakistanis abstained from voting in past elections, simply because choosing between candidates was like deciding between The Joker or Lex Luthor.

Although Imran Khan has been in politics for many years, the former cricketer’s political net run rate has been below par in previous campaigns. Now, for the first time in his career, Khan is running in with the momentum of a fast bowler on a green top pitch. Voting for him now is the best chance we have ever had to change the status quo.

2. A chance to elect someone who cares:  

Imran Khan has a great record as a humanitarian, he created the ‘Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre’ in Lahore, to which he is the single largest donor. In order to construct the hospital, Khan put his pride aside, as he took on this herculean task through many challenging years of fundraising, which to an average person would have been a nightmare.

By comparison, what have our other political leaders created, aside from vast quantities of wealth stored away in foreign nations, and mismanagement of taxpayer’s money?

The Lahore Metro Bus for example, has been funded by billions of rupees, and seems like an unnecessary luxury in a city that faces a lack of health care, education, and electricity.

Is there any point in buying ketchup, when you don’t have a hotdog?

3. Pakistan needs a leader who is fearless:  

We knew Imran Khan was a brave man when he faced down frighteningly fast bowlers from Australia and the West Indies in cricket, and lead from the front when he won us the World Cup in 1992. Further cementing his reputation as a bold individual was his decision to marry a woman from a Jewish background, even though he himself came from a growingly right-wing Muslim nation.

Later, during his political career, he travelled to the extremely hostile South Waziristan, to protest against drone attacks, in a move that could have ended his life. Even now, he conducts most of his political rallies without the aid of a bulletproof glass, standing in plain sight to engage his people.

This attitude contrasts sharply with other political hopefuls in Pakistan.

A recent video of Bilawal Bhutto’s speech, explaining why he is unable to return to Pakistan due to threats to his life, has gone viral on social media websites such as Facebook, and has left users unimpressed by Bilawal’s reasoning for not leading from the front.

4. We don’t want our nation’s heads to humiliate us overseas: 

The horribly cringe-worthy moment left us grinding our teeth, when the president of our nation told Sarah Palin she was ‘gorgeous’, upon meeting her for the first time at a public event.

Any woman (yes, even Palin), who has made her mark in politics deserves to be recognised for her craft, rather than her looks. It was sexist, because President Zardari did not go on to pay similar compliments to Barack Obama.

Meanwhile, Imran Khan is a highly polished person who has qualifications in politics and economics from the University of Oxford, and when he speaks, he draws you in with his eloquence.

5. Imran Khan’s record is clean:

Founded in 1996, the past 17 years have been very difficult for PTI, yet the political party has mostly stuck to its principles, and avoided some of the well documented chances to take shortcuts to power. A lesser leader, who did not empathise with his people, would have surely given in to temptation.

Furthermore, if you look at Imran Khan’s cricketing career, there was never any allegation of match-fixing, yet within a few years of his retirement, the team quickly involved itself in wrongdoings. And at this moment in time, unlike other major politicians, Imran Khan has kept all his monetary resources within the country.

6. PTI respects overseas Pakistanis:

Although the foreign remittance helps, it is a loss for Pakistan to have so many of her skilled professionals working overseas rather than serving at home. Many of these educated citizens are making ends meet by driving taxis, yet find this hard life more acceptable than meeting the challenges of living in Pakistan.

It is a fact that most Pakistanis would love to return to their nation if things were better at home, and it seems that PTI is the only political party which realises this, often expressing a desire to create an atmosphere where international Pakistanis find their own country as an attractive option to return with their accumulated wealth.

On the other hand, former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, when asked by CNN reporter Becky Anderson to share his thoughts on Pakistanis wanting to leave the country, responded with careless sentiments such as,

“Why don’t they just leave then”,


“Who’s stopping them?”

This left Ms Anderson, an experienced journalist, quite speechless.

It should also be noted that PTI has made it a priority to treat its overseas Pakistanis with dignity and respect, terming such citizens as ‘assets’, and providing them with more rights and resources than they currently have.

7. PTI’s democracy began from within:

PTI’s decision to conduct proper intra-party elections, regardless of the consequences, showed that, to the party, a proper democratic structure was more important than the results, as evidenced by the many disgruntled senior party members who did not make the cut.

On numerous occasions, Imran Khan has promised that once in power, his party will conduct elections in various social services in Pakistan, including the police force. By leading with example through the intra-party elections, Imran Khan has made it apparent that this will not turn out to be a hollow promise.

8. PTI’s goals are practical:

As its party’s manifesto reveals, PTI has designs on fighting major issues such as literacy, poverty, power, and corruption. These ambitions are realistically presented however, and not exaggerated to win favour with voters.

This level of transparency is refreshing in a country where politicians disingenuously suck up to voters like they are on the other end of a 1-900 number.

If only Pakistani politicians put as much energy into ending load shedding, as they do lying about when they will end it.

9. The Kashmir issue:

Years back, the Kashmir issue was the main subject of contention for Pakistanis, and Pakistani politicians used the emotional subject to milk as much endorsement as possible for themselves.

Since then, they have clearly found other emotional issues to manipulate, such as terrorism, inflation, and the lack of electricity, leaving the Kashmiri people mostly forgotten.

It seems that PTI is the only political party which is still serious about reaching a sensible resolution to the Kashmir dispute.

10. PTI cares about the environment:

Pakistan is a beautiful country which has the potential to become one of the greatest tourist attractions in the world. Unfortunately, our skies and lakes are becoming polluted, our wildlife isn’t safe, and very recently, thanks to the timber mafia and former prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf, a key forest in the Gilgit-Baltistan region lost what protection it had.

Ignoring a policy established since the early 90s designed to protect the forest and its surrounding environment, Ashraf signed awaytimber worth Rs8 billion, conveniently enough, 24 hours before the end of his government’s term. This was to the horror of the community in that region, who termed it a conspiracy, and stated that the timber mafia had suddenly begun the deforestation process before ‘issuance of the notification’ from up top.

In light of such events, it is reassuring to see that not only does PTI have a detailed environmental policy, but that Imran Khan truly cares about Mother Nature,

“Just like we might have to announce an education emergency because the state of our public education, we will also have to take severe measures to save the environment.”

I am glad that Imran is giving significance to every aspect of Pakistan, including her land.

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Hajj 2013 Application Schedule & Procedure Announced

Hajj 2013

Islamabad: Ministry of religious affairs Pakistan announced Hajj 2013 application submission schedule for Pakistani Hujjaj today.

This year 180,000 will perform hajj through first come, first serve policy according to Minister for Religious Affairs Syed Khursheed Ahmed Shah.

Hajj quota will remain 179,210 and shall be implemented through government scheme and private Hajj Group Organizers (HGOs) in the ratio of 50:50.

Under the government Hajj Scheme, three categories of accommodation like previous year 2012.

Blue category within 900 meters without transport with a rental ceiling of Saudi Riyals (SR) 8000 per pilgrim.

Green Category within 2000 meters with transport with a rental ceiling of (SR) 6000 per pilgrim.

White Category beyond 2000 meters with transport with a rental ceiling of SR 3800 per pilgrim.

According to Hajj policy 2013 Airfare for hajj 2013 Pakistan will be Rs 87,500 for South region and Rs. 97,500 for north region.




Pakistan cricket team announced for Sri Lanka tour

LAHORE: Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) announced on Thursday that Misbahul Haq has been retained as captain for the one-day and Test teams, while Muhammad Hafeez has been appointed vice-captain for both formats and captain for the T20 team.

The decision was announced by PCB Chairman Zaka Ahsraf at a press conference in Lahore. The PCB chairman said that he will not “tolerate any violation of discipline”.

Hafeez thanked board officials and Misbah for the appointment, and said that he will use all techniques learnt playing under different captains according to his abilities.

Iqbal Qasim, chairman of the selection committee, praised Misbah’s performance and said that the board will continue to consult him. He also welcomed Hafeez as the new T20 captain.

Test squad: Muhammad Hafeez, Taufiq Umar, Azhar Ali, Misbahul Haq (Captain), Younus Khan, Asad Shafiq, Adnan Akmal, Umar Gul, Saeed Ajmal, Abdul Rahman, Muhammad Sami, Faisal Iqbal, Junaid Khan, Afaq Rahim, Muhammad Ayub Dogar and Ijaz Cheema.

T20 squad: Khalid Latif, Ahmed Shehzad, Muhammad Hafeez (Captain), Shoaib Malik, Umar Akmal, Shakeel Ansar, Shahid Afridi, Yasir Arafat, Umer Gul, Sohaib Tanveer, Saeed Ajmal, Raza Hassan, Haris Sohail, Muhammad Sami, Hammad Azam and Nasir Jamshed.

ODI squad: Muhammad Hafeez, Nasir Jamshed, Younus Khan, Misbahul Haq (Captain), Umar Akmal, Sarfaraz Ahmed, Shahid Afridi, Umer Gul, Rahat Ali, Saeed Ajmal, Abdur Rahman, Muhammad Sami, Asad Shafiq, Ijaz Cheema, Azhar Ali and Imran Farhat.